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In 2014, the Republic of the Union of Myanmar developed it’s first National Export Strategy (NES) with the technical support of ITC, and in close collaboration with public and private sector stakeholders.
The strategy was endorsed by the Union Cabinet in December 2014 and launched in March 2015 by Myanmar’s Vice President, H.E. U Nyan Tun, Minister of Commerce U Win Myint and ITC’s Executive Director. The 2015–19 NES has contributed to laying the foundations for trade-led socio-economic growth. It provides concrete and market-based solutions to enable the country to address competitiveness constraints affecting small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), to strengthen the trade and business environment, and to diversify Myanmar’s export base.
To further facilitate the country’s integration into the global economy, Myanmar requested ITC assistance to develop a second NES. This was a strong vote of confidence in ITC, its process and methodology, and the work it has done supporting Myanmar during the 2015–2020 NES.
The 2020–2025 NES aims to promote a new cycle of export growth for the country, exploiting its vast untapped potential for trade and investment development. The strategy will help Myanmar identify further value chain upgrading opportunities and continue to support business environment improvements. Since 2015, ITC has also provided implementation management support to enable Myanmar to implement the detailed plans of actions from the NES.
The vision for Myanmar's National Export Strategy is: Sustainable export-led growth and prosperity for emerging Myanmar. This vision is complemented by three national strategic objectives for export development:
During Myanmar’s 2020–2025 NES First Stakeholders’ Symposium, held in March 2019, Myanmar’s public and private stakeholders confirmed the NES vision statement and strategic objectives. Vice President H.E. U Myint Swe inaugurated the start of the NES 2020–2025 design process.
The NES 2020–2025 proposes the following six priority sectors with export development potential and four trade support functions. Further to priority sectors and trade support functions, NES 2020–2025 will continue to support the implementation of remaining strategies from NES 2015–2019. The NES sector selection process encompasses a number of quantitative and qualitative analytical criteria, so as to ensure that NES remains focused on achieving export-led growth through strengthened diversification and increased value addition.
“The NES 2020–2025 provides a key opportunity for the government and private sector to work together in creating jobs and new opportunities for the people of Myanmar. The world economy is changing fast and we need to be more strategic. The global pivot to Asia offers new opportunities and challenges for Myanmar. NES implementation will provide concrete solutions for Myanmar to participate in global value chains.”
Afghanistan has an old and rich cultural history. It is the birth place of some of the world's earliest settlements and formed integral parts of many of history’s greatest civilizations. However, since the mid-twentieth century standards of living have progressively declined due to political conflict, war, and civil unrest.
In 2014, the National Unity Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan took office and embarked on a series of economic reforms designed to help the country emerge from a decades-long cycle of poverty and war.
In 2017, ITC began working with the country to enable it to design a home-grown National Export Strategy with the funding support of the European Union. At the time, the Afghan Government was facing pressure to improve living standards despite a deteriorating security situation. Export led-growth was identified as a critical mechanism to achieving the government’s long term aspirations.
In April 2018, Afghanistan’s High Economic Council, chaired by President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani, endorsed Afghanistan's National Export Strategy. The National Export Strategy is an essential roadmap that enables the government to encourage the establishment of a competitive export sector. Working in partnership with the private sector, the following vision for the National Export Strategy was chosen:“Peace through Prosperity, Prosperity through Trade”.
The vision serves as a beacon and a rallying call for the nation as it proceeds on the road to trade-led growth, development, and ultimately peace. The country intends to fulfill this ambitious vision through the following strategic objectives:
Following extensive consultations, with both the public and private sector, prioritization was given to the following priority sectors and trade support functions:
Afghanistan’s NES is currently under implementation. NES activities receive support from the public and private sector, as well as development partners. ITC also assists the implementation of critical interventions identified during the design process, under the EU-funded Afghan Trade initiative.
The Ministry of Industry and Commerce oversees and leads the implementation of the NES. You can find out more by visiting: https://moci.gov.af/all-trade.
“The NES is our roadmap for enhanced export performance and growth for the next five years. It is my sincere hope that same spirit of partnership between the public and private sectors that marked the development of the NES will continue during its implementation. The government is committed to implement the recommendations detailed in the NES documents as an engine for job and wealth creation for Afghans.”
If you would like to learn more about ITC's trade development strategies, please contact us.
Enquiries should be directed to:
Chief, Trade Development Strategies Programme+41 (0)22 730-0588said[at]intracen.org
National Export Strategy - Myanmar
National Export Strategy - Sri Lanka